Wednesday, 29 June 2016

Intraday Trading Training - Share Market Training Chennai

Intraday Trading Training - Share Market Training Chennai

Click Here  : Register for Intraday Trading Training

Intraday Trading Training - Share Market Training Chennai

What is an Intra day trading?

Intra-Day Traders. The name “intra-day trader” refers to a stock trader who opens and closes a position in a security in the same trading day. This can be buying and selling to capitalize on a potential rise in a security's value or shorting and covering the short to capitalize on a potential drop in value.

Monday, 20 June 2016

போனஸ் பங்கு எப்போது வழங்கப்படும்

Question :

ஒரு நிறுவனப்பங்குக்கு போனஸ் பங்கு அறிவிக்கப்படுகிறது என்றால் .அந்த போனஸ் பங்கு எப்போது வழங்கப்படும் என்ற நடைமுறைகளைவிளக்கவும்

Answer :

போனஸ் பங்கு எப்போது வழங்கப்படும் என்ற நடைமுறைகளைவிளக்கவும்

க.கார்த்திக் ராஜா, ரிசர்ச் அனலிஸ்ட்,ருபீடெஸ்க் கன்சல்டன்சி.

போனஸ் பங்குகள் என்பது, நன்றாக நிர்வகிக்கப்பட்டு, லாபத்தில் இயங்கி சிறப்பாகச் செயல்படும் நிறுவனங்கள் தங்கள்லாபத்தை முதலீட்டாளர்களுடன் பகிர்ந்து கொள்ளும் வகையில்தற்போதைய பங்குதாரர்களுக்கு இலவசமாக வழங்கப்படும் பங்குகளாகும். இவை 1:1, 1:2 போன்ற விகிதத்தில் வழங்கப்படுகிறது. உதாரணமாக ஒரு நிறுவனம் 1:1 என்ற விகிதத்தில் போனஸ் பங்குகளை வழங்குவதாக முடிவு செய்தால், அந்த நிறுவனத்தின் 1 பங்கை வைத்திருக்கும் பங்குதாரருக்கு இலவசமாக மேலும் 1 பங்கு கிடைக்கும். இந்த நடைமுறைக்கு ப்பின் 1 பங்கு வைத்திருக்கும் பங்குதாரர் 2 பங்குகளுக்கு சொந்தக்காரராகி விடுகிறார்.

மேலும் ஒரு நிறுவனம் போனஸ் பங்குகளை வழங்கும் போது அந்நிறுவனத்தின் பங்குவிலை குறைகிறது. உதாரணமாக ஒரு  நிறுவனம் 1:1 என்கிற விகிதத்தில் போனஸ் பங்குகள் வழங்குவதாக வைத்துக் கொள்வோம். போனஸ் பங்குகள் வழங்குவதற்கு முன்னர் அந்த நிறுவனத்தின் பங்குவிலை ரூ.2000 ஆக இருந்தால், போனஸ் பங்குகள் வழங்கப்பட்ட பிறகு அதன் விலை தானாகவே ரூ.1000 ஆகிவிடும்.

இதுபோன்ற சூழலில் நாம் கவனிக்க வேண்டிய முக்கியமான விஷயம்ரெக்கார்ட் தேதி என்பதைத்தான்! அதாவது நிறுவனங்கள் இதுபோன்றபோனஸ் பங்குகளையோ (Bonus Shares), டிவிடெண்டையோ (Dividend),பங்கு பிரிப்பையோ (Stock Split) அறிவிக்கும்போது ரெக்கார்ட் தேதி ஒன்றைஅறிவிப்பார்கள்.  அந்த குறிப்பிட்ட தேதியில் யாரிடம் பங்கு இருக்கிறதோஅவருக்குத்தான் அந்தச் சலுகை கிடைக்கும்.

உதாரணமாக. ஒரு நிறுவனம் ஜூன் 22ம் தேதியை ரெக்கார்ட் தேதியாகஅறிவித்திருந்தால். அன்றைய தினம் நம்முடைய டீமேட் கணக்கில் பங்குஇருக்க வேண்டும், குறைந்தபட்சம் அதற்கு இரண்டு தினங்களுக்குமுன்பாக நாம் அந்தப் பங்குகளை வாங்கியிருக்க வேண்டும். ஏனென்றால்,ஒரு பங்கை வாங்கினால் அது நம் டீமேட் கணக்குக்கு வர 2 நாட்கள்தேவைப்படும்.

அப்படிப் பார்த்தால் ஜூன் 20 ஆம் தேதியன்று வாங்கியவர்களுக்குத்தான்இந்தச் சலுகை கிடைக்கும். அதற்குப் பிறகு இந்தப் பங்கை வாங்கினால்அந்த பங்கு நமக்குக் கிடைக்குமே தவிர போனஸ் பங்குகள் கிடைக்காது. ரெக்கார்ட் தேதிக்கு முந்தய நாள் ஜூன் 21 Ex-Bonus தேதி என்று அழைக்கப்படும். Ex-Bonus தேதி குறிப்பிட்ட அந்த நாளில் அதன் பங்கின் விலை அந்த நிறுவனம் அறிவித்திருந்த விகிதத்தின் படி குறைந்து வர்த்தகமாகும்.

Thursday, 16 June 2016

Commodities Options Trading in India

Sebi may allow options in select commodities

Commodities Options Trading in India

Free Commodity Options in india

MCX may be allowed to introduce options in 2 metals, while NCDEX could be allowed options in 2 most liquid commodities

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) is in talks with leading commodity exchanges about allowing options trading in select commodities.

According to sources, the Multi Commodity Exchange might be allowed to introduce options in two metals, while the National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) could be permitted options in two commodities from the oil complex.

"There is a vital need in the interest of the Indian economy to deepen the commodity derivatives market to attain the basis objectives of price discovery and provision of a platform for risk mitigation. The structural characteristics of options make them significantly attractive as a tool for price risk management. The Exchange is of the opinion that options could be initially introduced in such agricultural commodities, which are liquid on the exchange platform," said an NCDEX spokesperson.

Sebi's commodity advisory committee will meet this month to consider the criteria for commodities in which options can be permitted. Once the penal firms up the criteria, exchanges would be asked to propose commodities in which options can be permitted.

When permitted, there would be an issue for settling futures and options prices for agri commodities at international prices when they are traded in the evening session. Globally, the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), which is part of the CME Group, has the most active edible complex contracts.

NCDEX can tie up with that exchange, but CME Group declined to comment on that.

The NCDEX spokesperson said: "The product design and details are being worked out. It is too premature to comment on any specific details on settlement."

What is an option?

An option is a contract that gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset at a specific price on or before a certain date. An option, just like a stock or bond, is a security. It is also a binding contract with strictly defined terms and properties.

Still confused?

The idea behind an option is present in many everyday situations. Say, for example, that you discover a house that you'd love to purchase. Unfortunately, you won't have the cash to buy it for another three months. You talk to the owner and negotiate a deal that gives you an option to buy the house in three months for a price of $200,000. The owner agrees, but for this option, you pay a price of $3,000.

Wednesday, 15 June 2016



* To safe-guard your investments - Its most important that you do not loose your capital invested in
  shares. Options provide you excellent techniques to hedge your investments. So markets may fall,
  rise or remain static, losses can always be avoided.

* To earn Regular and Consistent returns month after month - Need not wait for months or years to  
  get some returns from your portfolio. You can take good returns every month if you trade smartly  
  through options.

* To leverage your investments - You can start trading with small capital and slowly and steadily build
  capital from markets. Options give you big exposure with small investment only.

* Flexibility to device your own strategies - Learn the standard strategies and then device your own  
  strategies that suit your investment style , risk appetite and knowledge.

Monday, 13 June 2016

Definition of 'Commodity Option'

Definition of 'Commodity Option'

A contract that grants the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell Commodity at a specified exchange rate during a specified period of time. For this right, a premium is paid to the broker, which will vary depending on the number of contracts  purchased. Commodity options are one of the best ways for corporations or individuals to hedge against adverse movements in
exchange rates.

Beginners Guide to Commodities Futures Trading in India

Beginners Guide to Commodities Futures Trading in India

Indian markets have recently thrown open a new avenue for retail investors and traders to participate: commodity derivatives. For those who want to diversify their portfolios beyond shares, bonds and real estate, commodities is the best option.

Till some months ago, this wouldn't have made sense. For retail investors could have done very little to actually invest in commodities such as gold and silver -- or oilseeds in the futures market. This was nearly impossible in commodities except for gold and silver as there was practically no retail avenue for punting in commodities.

However, with the setting up of three multi-commodity exchanges in the country, retail investors can now trade in commodity futures without having physical stocks!

Commodities actually offer immense potential to become a separate asset class for market-savvy investors, arbitrageurs and speculators. Retail investors, who claim to understand the equity markets may find commodities an unfathomable market. But commodities are easy to understand as far as fundamentals of demand and supply are concerned. Retail investors should understand the risks and advantages of trading in commodities futures before taking a leap. Historically, pricing in commodities futures has been less volatile compared with equity and bonds, thus providing an efficient portfolio diversification option.

In fact, the size of the commodities markets in India is also quite significant. Of the country's GDP of Rs 13,20,730 crore (Rs 13,207.3 billion), commodities related (and dependent) industries constitute about 58 per cent.

Currently, the various commodities across the country clock an annual turnover of Rs 1,40,000 crore (Rs 1,400 billion). With the introduction of futures trading, the size of the commodities market grow many folds here on.

Like any other market, the one for commodity futures plays a valuable role in information pooling and risk sharing. The market mediates between buyers and sellers of commodities, and facilitates decisions related to storage and consumption of commodities. In the process, they make the underlying market more liquid.

Here's how a retail investor can get started:

Where do I need to go to trade in commodity futures?

You have three options - the National Commodity and Derivative Exchange, the Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd and the National Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd. All three have electronic trading and settlement systems and a national presence.

How do I choose my broker?

Several already-established equity brokers have sought membership with NCDEX and MCX. The likes of Refco Sify Securities, SSKI (Sharekhan) and ICICIcommtrade (ICICIdirect), ISJ Comdesk (ISJ Securities) and Sunidhi Consultancy are already offering commodity futures services. Some of them also offer trading through Internet just like the way they offer equities. You can also get a list of more members from the respective exchanges and decide upon the broker you want to choose from.

What is the minimum investment needed?

You can have an amount as low as Rs 5,000. All you need is money for margins payable upfront to exchanges through brokers. The margins range from 5-10 per cent of the value of the commodity contract. While you can start off trading at Rs 5,000 with ISJ Commtrade other brokers have different packages for clients.

For trading in bullion, that is, gold and silver, the minimum amount required is Rs 650 and Rs 950 for on the current price of approximately Rs 65,00 for gold for one trading unit (10 gm) and about Rs 9,500 for silver (one kg).

The prices and trading lots in agricultural commodities vary from exchange to exchange (in kg, quintals or tonnes), but again the minimum funds required to begin will be approximately Rs 5,000.

Do I have to give delivery or settle in cash?

You can do both. All the exchanges have both systems - cash and delivery mechanisms. The choice is yours. If you want your contract to be cash settled, you have to indicate at the time of placing the order that you don't intend to deliver the item.

If you plan to take or make delivery, you need to have the required warehouse receipts. The option to settle in cash or through delivery can be changed as many times as one wants till the last day of the expiry of the contract.

What do I need to start trading in commodity futures?

As of now you will need only one bank account. You will need a separate commodity demat account from the National Securities Depository Ltd to trade on the NCDEX just like in stocks.

What are the other requirements at broker level?

You will have to enter into a normal account agreements with the broker. These include the procedure of the Know Your Client format that exist in equity trading and terms of conditions of the exchanges and broker. Besides you will need to give you details such as PAN no., bank account no, etc.

What are the brokerage and transaction charges?

The brokerage charges range from 0.10-0.25 per cent of the contract value. Transaction charges range between Rs 6 and Rs 10 per lakh/per contract. The brokerage will be different for different commodities. It will also differ based on trading transactions and delivery transactions. In case of a contract resulting in delivery, the brokerage can be 0.25 - 1 per cent of the contract value. The brokerage cannot exceed the maximum limit specified by the exchanges.

Where do I look for information on commodities?

Daily financial newspapers carry spot prices and relevant news and articles on most commodities. Besides, there are specialised magazines on agricultural commodities and metals available for subscription. Brokers also provide research and analysis support.

But the information easiest to access is from websites. Though many websites are subscription-based, a few also offer information for free. You can surf the web and narrow down you search.

Who is the regulator?

The exchanges are regulated by the Forward Markets Commission. Unlike the equity markets, brokers don't need to register themselves with the regulator.

The FMC deals with exchange administration and will seek to inspect the books of brokers only if foul practices are suspected or if the exchanges themselves fail to take action. In a sense, therefore, the commodity exchanges are more self-regulating than stock exchanges. But this could change if retail participation in commodities grows substantially.

Who are the players in commodity derivatives?

The commodities market will have three broad categories of market participants apart from brokers and the exchange administration - hedgers, speculators and arbitrageurs. Brokers will intermediate, facilitating hedgers and speculators.

Hedgers are essentially players with an underlying risk in a commodity - they may be either producers or consumers who want to transfer the price-risk onto the market.

Producer-hedgers are those who want to mitigate the risk of prices declining by the time they actually produce their commodity for sale in the market; consumer hedgers would want to do the opposite.

For example, if you are a jewellery company with export orders at fixed prices, you might want to buy gold futures to lock into current prices. Investors and traders wanting to benefit or profit from price variations are essentially speculators. They serve as counterparties to hedgers and accept the risk offered by the hedgers in a bid to gain from favourable price changes.

In which commodities can I trade?

Though the government has essentially made almost all commodities eligible for futures trading, the nationwide exchanges have earmarked only a select few for starters. While the NMCE has most major agricultural commodities and metals under its fold, the NCDEX, has a large number of agriculture, metal and energy commodities. MCX also offers many commodities for futures trading.

Do I have to pay sales tax on all trades? Is registration mandatory?

No. If the trade is squared off no sales tax is applicable. The sales tax is applicable only in case of trade resulting into delivery. Normally it is the seller's responsibility to collect and pay sales tax.

The sales tax is applicable at the place of delivery. Those who are willing to opt for physical delivery need to have sales tax registration number.

What happens if there is any default?

Both the exchanges, NCDEX and MCX, maintain settlement guarantee funds. The exchanges have a penalty clause in case of any default by any member. There is also a separate arbitration panel of exchanges.

Are any additional margin/brokerage/charges imposed in case I want to take delivery of goods?

Yes. In case of delivery, the margin during the delivery period increases to 20-25 per cent of the contract value. The member/ broker will levy extra charges in case of trades resulting in delivery.

Is stamp duty levied in commodity contracts? What are the stamp duty rates?

As of now, there is no stamp duty applicable for commodity futures that have contract notes generated in electronic form. However, in case of delivery, the stamp duty will be applicable according to the prescribed laws of the state the investor trades in. This is applicable in similar fashion as in stock market.

How much margin is applicable in the commodities market?

As in stocks, in commodities also the margin is calculated by (value at risk) VaR system. Normally it is between 5 per cent and 10 per cent of the contract value.

The margin is different for each commodity. Just like in equities, in commodities also there is a system of initial margin and mark-to-market margin. The margin keeps changing depending on the change in price and volatility.

Are there circuit filters?

Yes the exchanges have circuit filters in place. The filters vary from commodity to commodity but the maximum individual commodity circuit filter is 6 per cent. The price of any commodity that fluctuates either way beyond its limit will immediately call for circuit breaker.

Interested in commodities futures trading?

Beginners Guide to Commodities Futures Trading in India

Friday, 10 June 2016

Avoid Trading on Borrowed Money - Rupeedesk Consultancy

Avoid Trading on Borrowed Money - Rupeedesk Consultancy

What is borrowed money?

The money took as loan is called as borrowed money which has tobe repaid with interest amount.
Trading on borrowed Money
First up all trading is highly risky and requires all your attention during market hours.
If you borrow money to trade then it is quite possible that trade always try to do trades and earn money so that he can repay the money to lender at the end of the money.
So trader would try to earn daily profits and it is not possible to earn daily profits in share market as markets would move in any direction due to unpredictable nature.
Trader may also do forceful or unwanted trades which would result in losses. Trading has to done on opportunities to earn profits and not on every trade.
Investing borrowed money in Share market
During markets Bull (up) time, when the stock markets move only up, everyone makes a profit of at least 25 per cent. So a trader would make a decent profit even after paying the high interest on the borrowed money.

But it is not always possible to predict the direction of share market as sometimes it is extremely unpredictable. If the market crash suddenly, you will make a loss due to which it becomes difficult to repay the high interest on the borrowed money.

If you are a short-term trader then you should also add the cost of short-term capital gain tax which you will have to pay if you cannot adjust it with the cost of borrowing, that is, your rate of interest.

Contradictory at all if you plan to borrow and invest n share market then it is recommended to stay invested long term without worrying about short term market corrections. This also applies with your own money especially if you are verylow risk taker.

Investing borrowed money in Debt instruments  
Investments in debt products like fixed deposit, debt funds and fixed maturity plans would not give you enough returns to help you in meeting your cost of borrowing.
Even if they did, the added cost of capital gains tax in case of long term as well as short term investments would be a not satisfactory.
Also in case of debt products, the interest rate earned is also taxable. So in such cases there may raise a situation that you would be paying money out of your own pocket along with interest on your borrowings.

Investing borrowed money in Gold  

This is one commodity which is considered the most appropriate investment avenue during any financial disorder. The stock markets and gold prices are inversely related. If stock markets crash gold prices zoom (go up).
But then borrowing money to invest in gold is the last thing you should do because it does not give any dividend or interest. The gain is through increase in the value of gold which is called as a capital gain.
So unless you sell your gold and you are making decent profits on it, there is no way you can repay your borrowings.

Investing borrowed money in Real estate    

   This is one investment for which many individuals would borrow as the investment amount and basically it is a quite big amount. If it is your first house then no questions asked: borrow and invest.
Of course you cannot go overboard even while borrowing for your first house. The question arises as to when you are borrowing money to buy a particular property and whether it is for your own use or for investment purpose.

Here is where you have to analyze the situation:a) what would happen if you leased it out what kind of rental income you can earn out of it
b) tax factors and liquidity issues (whether you could easily sell the property and get cash in return).
There is no question that the value of your property is going to increase over a period of time. But again it depends on when you buy a property -- at peak.
Does this mean that person cannot borrow money?
The answer is not always - NO.

Because it is also true that most of the today's successful businesses have borrowed money in there times and now they are well established businesses.
The best way to judge whether it makes sense to borrow money to invest is by asking yourself the following questions:
- How will your financial life be affected after borrowing?
- Could you bear the cost of borrowing (the interest rate you will have to pay to your lender)?
- If the investment does not perform as per your expectations then how will you repay the borrowed money?
- Do the benefits of borrowing outweigh the risks involved?
Judge these questions carefully and only then make a decision.

Important Note
DO NOT use credit cards to borrow money for investing. The rate of interest charged by credit card companies is 3% per month which comes to 36 per cent per year in addition to the late payment fees if any.

Please note -
Trading and or investing in share market are not getting quick rich schemes. It requires dedication, study and knowledge to make money in share market.

Tuesday, 7 June 2016

Jobbing Trading Strategy in Stock Market - Share Market Jobbing Training

Jobbing Trading Strategy in Stock Market -  Share Market Jobbing Training

                    Share Market Jobbing Training
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Jobbing is buying and selling of shares within quick time (Entry and Exit) for a very small profit. Whatever the trade is you have to square it off within short time .Usually jobbers do this kind of trade continuously throughout the day earning a handsome profit at the end of the day. For this, one has to take dealing training .You have to be really fast in Placing order executions. Jobbing requires high concentration and training before entering.

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Improve your Income: through Stock broking Business with Our Free Jobbing Calls

Rupeedesk is providing JOBBING CALLS FOR ALL EQUITY, COMMODITY AND CURRENCY SEGMENT Success rate of jobbing calls bring on an average 96% for all segment.

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Options on Futures

 Options on Futures

Options on futures began trading in 1983. Today, puts and calls on agricultural, metal, and financial (foreign currency, interest-rate and stock index) futures are traded by open outcry in designated pits. These options pits are usually located near those where the underlying futures trade. Many of the features that apply to stock options apply to futures options.

An option's price, its premium, tracks the price of its underlying futures contract which, in turn, tracks the price of the underlying cash. Therefore, the March T-bond option premium tracks the March T-bond futures price. The December S&P 500 index option follows the December S&P 500 index futures. The May soybean option tracks the May soybean futures contract. Because option prices track futures prices, speculators can use them to take advantage of price changes in the underlying commodity, and hedgers can protect their cash positions with them. Speculators can take outright positions in options. Options can also be used in hedging strategies with futures and cash positions.

Futures options have some unique features and a set of jargon all their own.

Puts, Calls, Strikes, etc.

Futures offer the trader two basic choices - buying or selling a contract. Options offer four choices - buying or writing (selling) a call or put. Whereas the futures buyer and seller both assume obligations, the option writer sells certain rights to the option buyer.

A call grants the buyer the right to buy the underlying futures contract at a fixed price the strike price. A put grants the buyer the right to sell the underlying futures contract at a particular strike price. The call and put writers grant the buyers these rights in return for premium payments which they receive up front.

The buyer of a call is bullish on the underlying futures; the buyer of a put is bearish. The call writer (the term used for the seller of options) feels the underlying futures' price will stay the same or fall; the put writer thinks it will stay the same or rise.

Both puts and calls have finite lives and expire prior to the underlying futures contract.

The price of the option, its premium, represents a small percentage of the underlying value of the futures contract. In a moment, we look at what determines premium values. For now, keep in mind that an option's premium moves along with the price of the underlying futures. This movement is the source of profits and losses for option traders.

Who wins? Who loses?

The buyer of an option can profit greatly if his view is correct and the market continues to rise or fall in the direction he expected. If he is wrong, he cannot lose any more money than the premium he paid up front to the option writer.

Most buyers never exercise their option positions, but liquidate them instead. First of all, they may not want to be in the futures market, since they risk losing a few points before reversing their futures position or putting on a spread. Second, It is often more profitable to reverse an option that still has some time before expiration.

Option Prices

An option's price, its premium, depends on three things: (1) the relationship and distance between the futures price and the strike price; (2) the time to maturity of the option; and (3) the volatility of the underlying futures contract.

The Put

Puts are more or less the mirror image of calls. The put buyer expects the price to go down. Therefore, he pays a premium in the hope that the futures price will drop. If it does, he has two choices: (1) He can close out his long put position at a profit since it will be more valuable; or (2) he can exercise and obtain a profitable short position in the futures contract since the strike price will be higher than the prevailing futures price.

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MCX Commodity Options

MCX Commodity Option
MCX Commodity Option

A contract permitting the option buyer the right, without obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset in the form of a commodity, such as precious metals, oil, or agricultural products, at a designated price until a designated date.